Under James I, who it covered the parents begging was considered ' ' vagabundo' '. Apanhado, was beaten in convicted public and the six months of arrest. Recidivist received a conviction from two years. Such legislation would only be abolished in 1714. In France, the century XVII, ' ' vagabundos' ' they occupied Paris and they were under similar legislation. Luiz XVI, commanded in 1777, ordered to the welshman all man is and robust, of 16 to the 60 years, that profession or way of subsistence did not have. Almost two hundred years before, in 1537, Carlos V conceived a decree for Country-Low, through which the population of the fields, violently expropriated and reduced to the vagrancy, was submitted to the whip, the marks with iron in live coal, to the torture and the slavery. The wage-earners, appeared in the Second half of century XIV, did not form seno a small part of the population.
Its position was protecting in the field for the independent peasants, and in the city for the masters and apprenticees socially joined. The subordination of the work to the capital one was only one formality, specifically capitalist, with the changeable element of the capital prevailing on its element constant. In the truth, the legislation on the wage-earning work started with its matrix of exploration and was being successively directed against it in England, in 1349, as the Statute of Labourers, of 19 Eduardo III, through which it was forbidden, duly warned arrest, to pay or to receive wages higher than the established one legally. Curiously, the penalty shaving who received was bigger! In 1630, another statute allowed a master to get the work for the legal table by means of corporal violence. Since century XIV up to 1825, the coalition one of workers was considered crime. The wages in money went up very, however, of form slower than the depreciation of this and the corresponding rise of the prices of the merchandises, what it meant fall of the real wage.