PROLOGUE The thought Christian-catholic comes moving the capanemense culture in all its history, therefore, the first inhabitants are deriving northeast Brazilian marked for such religiosidade, the missionary capuchinho frei Hermes Recanati stamped the history of Capanema deeply and, the manifestations of faith catholic intensely trim the cultural rhythm of this city. We know that the first inhabitants of Capanema had emigrated northeast Brazilian, running away I afflict from it of the droughts who had disabled agriculture and the cattle e, therefore the life of sertanejo northeastern; also the founder of Capanema, Antonio Gernimo de Barros- who comes with its family of Baturit – Cear; these immigrant northeasterns had brought its cultural luggage e, in it its faith catholic, unfolding themselves in popular devotions. Also we know that frades capuchinhos when assuming the Parish Ours Lady of the Perpetual Aid, in Capanema, if had detached as promotional of catequese and pastoral in that parish, as well as ample activity edilcia; we remember the excellent service of the Sisters of the Preciosissimo Blood, who make excellent work in the field of the education, as well as in the aid to the parochial pastoral. Amongst the capuchinhos, it is distinguished memory of the missionary talo-bergamasco, Frei Hermes Recanati, that was to the front of the parish, with recognized apostlica firmness of years 1964 1965 and 1867 the 1988, falecendo in 1993, in Capanema. For its recognized pastorais services that had stamped the capanemense people deeply, in 2001 it are elect for the capanemenses, in campaign promoted for the local media in partnership with the writer Carlos Amras, ' ' Capanemense of Century XX' '.
We are conscientious that the cultural rhythm of Capanema is trimmed by manifestations of the Church Catholic, that are high points in the annual cycles of the city, revealing what is peculiar to the capanemenses; such manifestations are: the procession of Corpus Christi, on saw decorated aesthetic in 1,3 kilometers of artisan and ephemeral carpet with thematic sacra; the pilgrimage of San Francisco – in 04 of October, municipal holiday with eleven kilometers of road of the headquarters of the city until the New community Assis; the festividade of Ours Lady of the Perpetual Aid, bearer of the parish, in November and December. For everything this, the catolicismo moves the capanemense culture leaving valorosos legacies in its history. Inheritance of the founding northeasterns, made solid for the pastoral service of Frei Hermes Recanati, others frades Capuchinhos and of the Preciosinas Sisters whom, if it unfolds in the religious events that mark the vitality of the capanemense culture. Thus, we infer that the thought Christian-catholic is essential to understand history and the culture, capanemenses.