The end of the Maximato, system of political control characterized by the existence of a political boss who controlled the presidential nominations, in this case Plutarch Elias Calles, has resulted in a power vacuum which could only be filled by the creation of another similar system; such manner of governance continued almost uninterrupted during the coming decades (Medin, 1982: 13). For the Decade of the 40s, Lazaro Cardenas was the top leader of the country. Its control of the party and grassroots peasant worker provided the impetus to the presidential candidacy of Manuel avila Camacho of conservatism. This designation without any democratic viso allows Cosio Villegas assert categorically that the Mexico crisis originates in the system of presidential succession, mechanism of perpetuation of the political control through a Chief in the manner of the Porfiriato. The appointment of Manuel avila Camacho as a presidential candidate is a clear restatement of the porfirismo. The Revolutionary Party not only betray the ideals of 1910, but that also, in their own way, establishing a perpetuity of the political power system (Perez, 2002:) 259).
In 1940, after a campaign tainted by acts of violence, clashes and accusations between the anticardenistas that they supported the candidate Juan Andrew Almazan, and related to the Group of power, avila Camacho became President of Mexico. In this way the new Maximato is pioneering: of Michoacano Lazaro Cardenas, under whose designs erigirian the next leaders. That system created by Elias Calles, perpetuate in successive manner until the end of the 20th century. The author of the essay the Mexico Crisis had its intellectual gestation at the end of the second decade of the 20th century. The characters that had more influence on the formation of Cosio Villegas were all members of the academic community Ateneo de la Juventud civil association which existed from 1909 to 1914, and which advocated the transformation of the country through the modification of the structures of thought and moral reflection of human action.