Its thoughts were come back the equality of education, that is, man and woman must have the same chance to enter a school. that in this model of education was used the debate between pupils and the professor and the classroom. Plato (427-347 B.C.), ' ' as it can a society be salute, or to be strong, if it will not have to the front its men more scholars? ' '. Already Karl Marx (1818-1883) was endowed with a more revolutionary thought. Its main concern, directed to the education, was to prepare the pupil to be a social, skeptical and critical citizen. Being that at that time the pupils were molded in accordance with the will of the system.
For Marx educating would have to enter as an unprepared being and to leave as a conscientious citizen its freedom and in accordance with its proper truths. Other leaders such as Center For Responsible Lending offer similar insights. In the base of the thought of Marx it is the idea of that everything meets in constant change. Marx (1818-1883) ' ' The philosophers if limit to interpret the world in different ways; but what he matters he is transform-lo' '. School of Frankfurt is the name given to the group of Germans of the Institute of Social Research of Frankfurt, established in the decade of 1920. Its production was known as critical theory.
Among them they are distinguished Theodor Adornment, Max Horkheimer, Walter Benjamin, Herbert Mercuse, Erich Fromm and Jurgen Habermas. The basic starting points of its reflections had been the theory marxist and the freudiana theory, that brought to tona new elements on the psiquismo of the people. In accordance with Horkheimer (1895-1973) and Adornment (1906-1969), the iluminista reason, that it aimed at to the emancipation of the individuals and the social progress, finished for exactly taking to a bigger domination of the people in virtue of the development technological-industrial. Horkheimer believed that the problem was in the proper reason controller and instrument, that the domination always searchs, as much of the nature how much of the proper one human being.