First, consider their raznoobraziem.Est whole group wallpaper c deep embossed patterns and the lack of multi-colored pattern. They are called structural (or textural) of wallpaper and are designed for painting. And since they are becoming increasingly popular, as are practical and are in the public price range, today we will tell you about them. There are three types of wallpapers: paper, non-woven and glass fiber. In fact, it's completely different wallpapers as in the manufacture of a variety of materials used in certain combinations. And the advantages and disadvantages of them are different too.
Their common feature – they can be painted or repainted many times. This is usually Any suitable dispersion paints, including latex. In the initial form of these wallpapers are usually white, that is generally unpainted. Less common are colorful, mostly pastel colors: pale green, yellow, cream, blue and pink. Background color can be obtained after staining of an unusual hue. However, these wallpapers can be used without further processing. Paper wallpaper for painting fit for any surface, not even particularly well aligned.
They are usually dual layer, similarly to a friend duplex, but the greater thickness and density. These products are impregnated with a special water-repellent composition, and even after multiple staining retain their water resistance. An interesting variety of paper-based structural wallpapers are so-called coarse-fibered (grubostrukturnye) wallpaper. Relief of their surface is not achieved Traditional embossed, and the method of space between the smooth layers of foundation and cover the wood chips – wood processing waste.
What is life in an apartment building? It is not always a pleasant interaction with neighbors, noisy companies under windows and staircases, and to put it mildly, not very healthy environment "" Probably the majority of readers have anything to add to this by no means a complete list of "charms" living in a glass-concrete kingdom. And probably no accident revives the tradition of building his own house on the ground. But the question is: how, from what and for what price to build their homes, which will be really convenient, comfortable and will not harm the health of the household? Cost per square meter in Chelyabinsk varies from an average of 27 to 35 thousand rubles. House of laminated veneer lumber Turnkey with the finished roof, windows and doors of the company's "Eco-House Ural costs 25 thousand rubles for a" square ". Standard "" area of 72 square meters would cost about 2.5 million rubles. For the same money you can build a house of laminated board of 90 "squares" (including basement).
A house made of logs of the same general area will cost 810,000 rubles (including basement). Has long been in Russia for the construction of homes used wood. It Wooden houses are considered one of the most environmentally friendly types of housing. Best properties of wood combined with the durability absorbed laminated board. This material is traditionally considered one of the most expensive and is used for building houses the business and elitklassa. But it turns out, the houses from glued beams may be available to a wider range of buyers! "The fact that buyers of cottages from laminated veneer lumber manufacturers often offer the option, without which you can easily dispense with the well to save without sacrificing quality, – the head of a group of companies "Eco-House Ural Maxim Stepanich.
Radiators in heating systems. Heating system – a closed network, which includes the boiler, pipes and heating appliances. In the guts of the system is filled with sparse heat conductor. In the role of the heat conductor can fluid consumed, and still others, the hot fluid or antifreeze. Boiler – a special unit of blood supply of the heating system where hot heat carrier. From this place krugovraschatelny pump on the system channels giving water or a substitute for heating devices (batteries) are the same, in other words, and give warmth to the huge house.
These are the main parts of heating circuit. Its stable functioning of the guarantee and even other small but necessary mechanisms. Tank for the expansion needed to fill the increasing temperature of the liquid in the networks of heating systems used fittings, in addition, the circuit is provided dampers, and many others. Radiators have become an important part of the heating circuit. Besides the fact that the parameters of the radiator is dependent on heating in rooms, in an aesthetic sense radiators – face the heating system.
Today's radiators are made of different alloys, they acquire a variety of shapes, different design features, not remembering is that if you want you can buy or repaint the radiator installed in every color of the rainbow. Those features make radiator core fragment of the interior design of apartments. Structurally radiators have the opportunity to divide into four main categories: panel, pipe, coil and panel radiators. Coil or plate batteries are a one or a few pipes with metal plates. Air flows, running through the convector upwards, raises the temperature of the numerous hot plates. In some radiators this form provides flow control-moving air through a special valve. The system of tubular radiator is vertically raised curved metal tubes that connect the upper and lower reservoirs. This type, per kilowatt, is expensive. Revealing indicator of this group are towel. Sectional radiators consist of separate sections, parts, and produce them out of these metals as iron, steel, aluminum. There are also so-called bimetal sectional radiators – their body is created from aluminum, and the tube – made of steel. Maximum consumed in the networks of individual heating radiators association iron steel panel battery, so stopped in their characteristics with greater precision. The panel also called battery nesektsionnymi. Most often, radiators in this category are from a two welded together from sheet metal, with linear channels. In the cavity of the direct channels There is circulation of heat carrier. In order to increase the heated plane and consequently the heat transfer to the rear surface of the panel is welded steel ribs in the form of a 'P'. Iron panel radiators can be characterized by a small thermal inertia, so there is easier to measure the temperature in the room. Main pressure most of the models of radiators is limited to 9 atmospheres. A wide range makes it possible to choose the best on the characteristics of panel radiators in each place. The disadvantage of panel radiators, as well as others made of metal panels, is susceptibility to corrosion, in addition, they are distinguished as increased sensitivity to water shock and high blood pressure. For this reason, prefabricated radiators have a chance to easily apply for heating buildings and small suburban villas, but in the case of urban apartments must attentively read the manufacturer's requirements and specifications.
Is it possible to calculate the sediment logs? Depending on the initial moisture content of logs, it varies Within 1/20-1/30 height of the wall So over boxes of window and door openings leave a gap filled with oakum. What is the technology of laying log walls? Baulk at first do not add up to the foundation, and in the side to give him , wait for 9-12 months. Outer side of the log is determined that where the annual rings are denser. Because there is stronger than wood. To align the crowns of horizontal beams laid butt in different directions. The first (lower) of the framework (it is called a salary) should be thicker than the next centimeter-ditch 5.
The wall will be safer if the first crown to collect oak and larch. Along the entire length of the logs, stacked in for the next salary wreaths, an ax felled a round groove, so that they would like covered with the previous ones. For connection logs vertically chisel every five feet hammering holes for studs (diameter – 4.3 cm). They are not alone under the other, but staggered. Sheep slaughter is not to the bottom of the hole, and leaving 2-3 cm of emptiness. Before we move frame to the foundation should be put around the perimeter of several layers of roofing material and tarred board thickness of 20 or 30 mm. As fixed angles of walls of wooden houses? There are 5 ways: in the butt to poldereva, a thorn in the cup, in a paw.
Only the third way (a spike) rescues from drafts in the corners. But it is the most time-consuming way. Therefore, builders without the effective area of the home. When logging in the "paw" should be very careful when marking and , or cutouts on the ends of rims do not match. When you need to caulk wooden walls? Simultaneously with the erection. At each crown fits dry tow or moss layers. Each layer should be slightly wider than the groove next crown. Insulating layer should be thicker than an inch, and over the windows and doors, taking into account future shrinkage and shrinkage at home, 4-5 cm more a year later, when the timber finally "find their place, the remains of moss and hemp need caulked into the grooves. How to "ennoble" outside the walls of wooden houses? Log house looks good even without paint, but brusovoi house desirable to sheathe, for example, a board-lining or even impose a brick (a half-brick) Although wooden wall not tolerate such a finish as worse than the "breathing". That the wall did not dampen, to take care of ventilation. And no Do not upholstering the wooden walls of roofing material: heat saving a little, but the rotting wood will be thorough. What are disadvantages of wooden walls? In addition, the walls of wood are flammable and are exposed to insect decay, after the construction of wooden walls before they finish must be at least a year until the walls "settle". The magnitude of rainfall could reach 10%, significantly higher than that of stone or Karka governmental walls (1 -3%). Timber during drying may be deformed. walls – a complicated and expensive procedure. Therefore advisable to use wood in the construction of small houses (not more than 2 floors).