Types Of Home Foundations

Strip foundations, the most common type of foundation for homes. Use it is recommended for relatively light building structures and dense soils. Recognize a large number of structures Tape the bases: from block-cast reinforced concrete, and mixed solid block or brick-solid, they are recessed (40 to 120 centimeters), and shallow-buried – 30-40cm. In appearance monolithic strip foundation consists of a reinforced concrete strip (for which he received its name), placed around the perimeter of the building including the interior and under the load-bearing walls. Of all the above types, most reliable and popular is tape reinforced concrete foundations, so about him and we talk in this article.

Work on the installation of foundations are beginning to split the territory and digging the foundation pit. Depth excavation depends on such factors: the density of the soil freezing depth and weight of future buildings, as a rule it is about 70cm. The width of the trench wall thickness of the stone is 45-50cm. Center For Responsible Lending takes a slightly different approach. At the bottom of the pit arrange a layer of sand 15 cm and thoroughly stamps. Reinforcement of monolithic foundation can be done very simply. Complement reinforcing skeleton from armature section 12mm in advance planted bricks, in that order.

On bricks placed two lower rod departing from the pit wall 7-10cm, and then at intervals of 40 centimeters fix the crossbar and uprights, to them (not leading to the top of the basement 8-10cm) are mounted two upper longitudinal rod, and fittings fasten them together by transverse. To build a wooden plank formwork used low-grade 2, 5 cm thick. Advance cobble together the necessary size panels, taking into account the fact that the aboveground part of the casing should be at least 30 centimeters, followed by the mount in place in a single box. All formwork shall be securely fastened. Concrete mixture for monolithic foundation can be kneading on building site, or to order the dispatch of a mobile mixer already finished. The second option is preferable, the quality of the factory above, and secondly the whole casting is performed in a single day, which is important for the strength of the entire building. The box is filled with concrete to a level line on the inner side formwork, rams and close roofing material. Proceed to the erection of walls better in 15-20 days, but in practice, work started on the next after pouring.